Psychiatric Disorders

In the words of the great President FDR -“Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own minds.”.

Everything only exists in the mind. Infact, the ways we are influenced and behaved is normally called the system. Everything starts with cognition, what comes next is action. But, what happens when the mind goes awry? Would this mean that the behavior also functions abnormally? Definitely. The mind is a very potent part of us that somehow, whatever it thinks becomes seemingly real for the person when actually it is not. When this happens, our entire personality is affected and could have an impact in our lives as well as affect the people around us.

Psychiatric Diseases are mental health disorder. Experts have seen significant psychological syndrome that happens on a person will always be associated with present sufferings such as a painful symptom, disability, or a significantly increased risk of death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom. In addition, this pattern is not just an expected and culturally sanctioned response to a particular event. For example, the loss of a loved one. Some examples of mental illnesses are schizophrenia and major depressive disorder. One is diagnosed with psychiatrical disorder when one experiences the following symptoms: confusion; erratic behavior; hearing voices; hallucinations; headaches; depression; anxiety; fatigue; weight loss; anorexia. One will be identified as having psychiatric disorder when one experiences three or more of the above symptoms.

Mental disorders do not have definite causes. However, a mixture of biological, psychological, and environmental factors would add to the acquirement of certain mental disorders. Some biological factors include genetics, prenatal damage, and substance abuse. Exploitation of substance could affect the chemical balance in the brain thus leading to a dysfunction. And for some, psychiatric disorders are hereditary. Schizophrenia for example, had been found to be genetic. Psychological and environmental factors may include abuse. Every individual’s experiences can impact his or her well being. If there are hurting experiences that was not repaired, it might lead to a mental disorder.

Psychiatrical disorders are treated with therapy- behaviors or cognitive, and medications. Antidepressants are used for individuals who have clinically depression and anxiety. Anxiolytics are used for anxiety disorders and other related disorders such as insomnia. There are mood stabilizers for bipolar disorders and antipsychotic for psychotic disorders. In addition, electroconvulsive therapy is sometimes used in severe cases when other interventions for depression have been unsuccessful. Creative therapies such as music, art, and drama therapy are also being used. Also, in line with the cognitive-behavioral therapy, lifestyle adjustments and supportive measures are used such as support groups.

Some disorders are transient and some may last a lifetime. In some way, the medication is just there to lessen the symptoms allowing the patient to live a seemingly normal life. Some disorders may be very limited in their parctiacl effects, while others may entail substantial disability and support needs.

There is no choosing on who can be affected with psychiatric disorders. Based on varying personalities, an individual could possibly build up a disorder of the mind depending on how he/she react to stimulus around his or her environment such as stressful events in one’s life. For example, a loss of a loved one is a traumatic yet natural phase in a person’s life. Everyone in this lifetime will really experience loss. A person’s natural reaction to loss is grieve, anger, pain, and other negative emotions. But everything has its limits. Thus, the negative feeling soon subsides and is replaced with hope and strength so as the person tries to recover from the loss. On the other hand, when one’s negative emotion such as sadness does not subside, the diagnosis is different. Moreover, when this emotion leads to the person’s dysfunctional- his/her normal life is disrupted and health is negatively affected- the person might be needing professional help. We can say that this individual has acquired a mental disorder due to not recovering from the loss.

Our own minds will always serve us our prison cells.Anyone can always say that being happy is a state of mind yet we must also take into account that being sad is also a state of mind.

You’re Not Alone

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